How Much Milk A 2 Month Old Baby Should Drink Vitamin B1 – Thiamine Benefits, Deficiency and Sources

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Vitamin B1 – Thiamine Benefits, Deficiency and Sources

Thiamine (vitamin B1) is a water-soluble vitamin. It is essential for the utilization of carbohydrates. Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP), coenzyme of cocarboxylase plays a role in the activation of transketolase and enzyme involved in the direct oxidative pathway of glucose. In thiamine deficiency, there is an accumulation of pyruvic and lactic acids in tissues and body fluids.

Sources: Thiamine is present in all natural foods, although in fragrant quantities. Important sources are: whole grain cereals, wheat germ, yeast legumes, oilseeds and tree nuts, especially peanuts. Meat, fish, eggs, vegetables and fruit contain smaller amounts. Milk is an important source of thiamine for infants, provided their mother’s thiamine status is satisfactory. The main source of thiamine in the Indian diet is cereals (rich and wheat), which contribute 60-85% of the total supply.

Recommended allowances: The daily requirement for thiamine is 0.5 mg per 1000 kcal of energy intake. The body content of thiamine is placed at 30 mg, and if more than this is given, it is simply lost in the urine.

Deficiency: The two main deficiency diseases are beriberi and Wernick’s encephalopathy. Beriberi can present in three main forms:

The dry form characterized by cardiac involvement (cardiac beriberi) and infantile beriberi, observed in infants between 2 and 4 months of life. The affected baby is usually breastfed by a thiamine-deficient mother who often shows signs of peripheral neuropathy. Wernick’s encephalopathy (often seen in alcoholics) is characterized by ophthalmolegia, polyneuritis, ataxia and mental deterioration. It occasionally occurs in people who fast.

Just a few decades ago, frank cases of beriberi were commonly seen in the coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh where people ate highly polished rice. Recent surveys by the ICMR have shown that such cases are now rarely encountered due to improved socio-economic conditions and the diversification of the diet currently consumed. However, manifestations of minor degrees of thiamine deficiency such as loss of appetite, absence of ankle and knee jerks, and presence of calf tenderness have been frequently encountered in nutritional surveys indicating that the disease remains endemic in moderate or mild form in certain sections of the population. population. In Western countries, beriberi occurs occasionally and is most often caused by excessive alcohol consumption.

Losses of thiamine: Thiamine is easily lost from rice during the milling process. Being a water-soluble vitamin, further losses occur during washing and cooking of rice. This is the basis for advising people to avoid highly polished rice and eat parboiled or under-ground rice. Much of the thiamin in fruits and vegetables is usually lost during prolonged storage.

Thiamine is also destroyed in toast and in cereals cooked with baking soda. The occurrence of the absence of beriberi is determined by local customs and cultural practices regarding the processing and cooking of rice and other foodstuffs. Learn About Vitamin B1 – Benefits, Deficiencies, and Sources of Thiamin

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