How Much Protein Should A 68 Year Old Woman Eat Tips on White Cloud Minnow Care and Breeding

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Tips on White Cloud Minnow Care and Breeding

white cloud minnows (Tanichthys albonubes)like all true minnows, are members of the family Cyprinidae, more commonly known as the carp family. White clouds are a mostly cold-water species native to China. They were first discovered in the 1930s on White Cloud Mountain in the Chinese province of Guangdong scout leader Tan. The genius name of the minnow white cloud, Tanichthysliterally translates to Tan’s Fish.

Unfortunately, White Cloud Mountain’s popularity as a tourist attraction and overfishing for the nascent aquarium trade industry after World War II quickly led to the demise of the area’s native populations. From 1980 to 2001, no sightings of this species were reported. It was feared that the white minnow had been driven to extinction. But at a time when human encroachment on native habitats threatens the very existence of many species, nature has persevered, at least in the case of the white minnow. As these minnows struggled for their very existence atop White Cloud Mountain, additional populations were discovered in isolated areas along the coastal areas of Guangdong and Quang Ninh Province in northeast Vietnam. In 2007, an established population of this species was discovered on Hainan Island, an island just south of Guandong Province. This discovery indicates that Hainan Island and Guangdong Province were landlocked at some point in the distant past. White Cloud minnows are currently listed as an endangered species in their natural habitat by the Chinese government. All white clouds available for sale in the aquarium industry are commercially bred.

Like all minnows, it is a relatively small species. White clouds only reach a maximum length of 1.5 inches. These minnows gained immense popularity in the 1940s and 1950s. So much so that they earned the nickname “Poor Man’s Neon Tetra” because they were much more reasonably priced than their more colorful and expensive counterparts. Even to this day, white minnows are commonly marketed under the White Cloud Tetras label. They are also sold as Cardinal, Canton, and China Danio fish despite the fact that they are unrelated to the danio breeds.

In their wild habitat, white minnows are genetically identical. Crossbreeding what became known as Golden Cloud produced a longer-finned variation called Meteor Minnow. Further genetic manipulations between the two led to the development of the Golden Meteor Minnow. A final genetic deviation of this species resulted in a minnow lacking much of the natural pigmentation of the parent species, the blond cloud.

Regardless of genetic variation, white clouds are extremely hardy fish. They are an excellent choice for new aquarium owners. Their ability to thrive in a multitude of environmental conditions makes them the ideal starter fish for cycling into new aquariums. These minnows are a cold water species by nature. Although they can survive temperatures as low as 41°F, they thrive between 64-72°F. This makes them the perfect candidate for unheated aquariums and common fish bowls. Despite their cold water nature, these minnows can easily withstand the slightly higher water temperatures of a standard tropical aquarium community tank. A pH level between 6.0 and 8.0 is perfectly acceptable. White clouds have an average lifespan of 3 to 5 years in captivity.

This species does well in a community aquarium provided it is housed with tank mates of the same and similar size. It should be noted that the white clouds are schools of fish. They will adapt best to their new surroundings if introduced in groups of at least five. When kept as a specimen of a single species, it is common for this minnow to become very shy in the wild. The unnecessary stress of a solitary existence will often result in a noticeable reduction in the brightness of the color palette. In an aquarium, these minnows are upper to mid-level swimmers. They rarely venture to the bottom of an aquarium.

In nature, white clouds are carnivorous. Their diet consists of small insects, worms and crustaceans. In captivity, this species will readily accept standard garden variety fish dishes. However, high protein supplements will help maintain their overall health, coloring and ensure their longevity.

Males are generally thinner than females. In specimens where the natural color pigment has not been replicated, the red coloration is more vibrant in males.

White minnow farming

This species will reach sexual maturity between 6 and 12 months. Adult males usually flare their fins and engage in a ritual mating dance to attract the attention of females. It is common for males to try to outdo each other in pursuit of a female during the mating cycle. Prior to breeding, males often pinch each other, but this display of aggression rarely manifests as a full skirmish.

Spawning is best suited to a breeding tank to protect unborn eggs and newly hatched fry from possible predation. A breeding tank as small as 5 gallons will suffice. You can select a single mature pair if you wish. However, since male aggression has no serious consequences, you can place two or three males in the breeding tank with an equal or greater number of females and let nature take its course.

A pH balance of 6.5 to 7.5 with a temperature range between 68 to 75°F is conducive to initiating the reproductive cycle. You must also provide an adequate bulk supply of java as a spawning medium.

Females lay as few as a dozen or up to a few hundred eggs during spawning. The eggs hatch in about two days. The white minnow is not known to eat its eggs or hatchlings. Some can be eaten but many will survive. Therefore, removing adults from the breeding pool after spawning is purely discretionary.

In a few days, the fry will become free-swimming. Newly hatched fry can be fed infusuria or luqifry. Within a week, their diet can be replaced with brine shrimp or finely crushed fish flakes. The fry will grow to less than 1/2 inch in the first three months and reach full adult size within a year.

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